What Happens to the Hormones During Menopause?
Most of the changes that you would usually associate with menopause occur due to hormonal changes and include a decline as well as a slowdown in the overall ovarian activity of the body. Your hormonal changes can lead to intense feelings of warmth, profuse sweating, hot flashes and increased secretion of androgens. In some cases, hormonal changes can also lead to facial hair and voice deepening. Some symptoms which make meopause easy to identify are:
- You see hair on your face, particularly on the chin and the upper lip.
- The aging process of your skin suddenly becomes more appearent; you may see drier skin and emerging lines.
- The sun will affect you more; you may feel a sunburn within minutes of sun exposure.
- Acne emerges
- Your skin bruises easily
- Thinning hair
Menopause and Your Skin
Menopause can be very troublesome for your skin which is why Vine Vera knows, it is so important to care for your skin through menopause. The hormonal changes that accompany menopause can change the physiology of your skin in various ways. It is common knowledge that the decline of B-Estradiol leads to accelerated aging. It is also known that menopause usually arises because of age-related changes in your body. But, you might not know that menopause doesn’t affect your skin directly. When your body goes through menopause, you experience lower production of progesterone and estrogen. This causes all sorts of changes in the skin. Some of the main changes that occur in a woman’s body as she gets closer and closer to menopause include –
- Facial Hair. The amount of hair on your face, particularly on the chin and the upper lip, increases. This usually occurs due to an increase in testosterone production.
- Thinning Skin Surface. The epidermis begins to become thinner upon the arrival of menopause as well. Your blood capillaries in the dermis are partially maintained by estrogen. Thus, when the estrogen level is reduced, the blood flow through the dermal capillaries reduces when you have menopause. This results in lesser amounts of oxygen and nutrients for the Basal Cell layers of your epidermis. The lack of proper nutrients and oxygen ultimately results in thinning of the outermost layer of your skin as well as a slower cell turnover.
- Wrinkles and sagging skin. As the estrogen levels in your body begin to drop, your fat deposits tend to beomce contcentrated on different areas of the body. As a result, the skin on your hands, face and neck begins to appear more lined and saggy.
- Oily Skin. When you go through menopause, your estrogen levels begin to decrease. Thus, the testosterone levels are no longer masked by the estrogen and they end up stimulating the sebaceous glands in your skin. As a result, you secrete thicker sebum and this can lead to oily skin and adult acne.
- Hot flashes. Hot flashes are quite common among women going through or about to go through menopause. These flashes are defined by excessive sweating and a feeling of warmth in the skin. These hot flashes occur because the sympathetic nervous system becomes more active due from the lower amounts of estrogen. This leads to dilation of the skin arterioles, increase in heart rate, rise in body temperature and sweating.
- Elastosis. Lowered estrogen levels can result in lower production of elastin and collagen in the skin. As a result, the skin is unable to repair the damage caused by UV radiation and it begins to lose its young look and resiliency. This ultimately leads to elastosis.
- Age Spots. Menopause also tampers with your melanin production by lowering the production of estrogen in your body. As a result, the melanin synthesis in your skin begins to increase because of the lack of regulation by estrogen. This leads to hyperpigmentation or age spots.
- Sun Damage. The skin becomes more prone to sun damage because of the fact that the melanocytes in the skin (melanin manufacturing cells that are controlled by estrogen) are reduced. The reduced number of melanocytes lead to lesser production of melanin and this makes the skin more prone to sun damage.
Dealing with Menopause
The biggest challenge when it comes to menopause is to understand how to meet the ever changing needs of the body. The fluctuating hormones have a major effect on the structure and physiology of your skin. This makes it imperative for you to seek knowledge about this life change and revise your skin care routine as required.